introduction sociology Multiple choices

introduction sociology Multiple choices

1. Which of the following statements about bureaucracy is false?

Answer

a. Secretaries and other assistants often have more power than their job description or salary indicates.
b. The informal culture of bureaucracy works to make all employees feel more connected and included.
c. Subcultures develop even in the largest bureaucracies.
d. Informal norms within a bureaucracy may increase or decrease worker productivity.

1 points    

Question 2

1.

Teenagers, truck drivers, and the elderly are all examples of _____.

Answer

a. secondary groups
b. social categories
c. primary groups
d. none of these choices

1 points    

Question 3

1.

Attribution error refers to a situation in which one

Answer

a. fails to see that group membership is the cause of a person’s behavior.
b. completely misunderstands the action in a particular situation.
c. falsely attributes a person’s behavior to membership in a particular group.
d. blames something on one person that is really the fault of another person.

1 points    

Question 4

1.

Which of these is not an example of a utilitarian organization?

Answer

a. the University of Michigan
b. Microsoft
c. NAACP
d. General Motors

1 points    

Question 5

1.

Which of the following illustrates a common type of attribution error?

Answer

a. a girl who does well in science is perceived as being unusually smart
b. a white person observes a white student taking a wallet out of someone’s purse and assumes the student was asked to do so by the owner
c. a Hispanic student is carrying a baseball bat and it is assumed he intends to vandalize something
d. All of these are illustrations of attribution error.

1 points    

Question 6

1.

The informal structure of a bureaucracy

Answer

a. increases the feelings of solidarity among all workers.
b. develops among those at the top of the organizational structure.
c. uses alternate channels to get some things done faster.
d. follows the same rules and regulations as the formal structure.

1 points    

Question 7

1.

Which perspective is most likely to focus on the fact that individuals experience stress and alienation as a result of being subordinated within a formal organization?

Answer

a. feminist theory
b. conflict theory
c. functionalist theory
d. symbolic interaction theory

1 points    

Question 8

1.

The psychological separation of a person from an organization and its goals is called _____.

Answer

a. alienation
b. risky shift
c. ritualism
d. organizational deviance

1 points    

Question 9

1.

Applied to a situation like the torture of Iraqi prisoners in American prison Abu Ghraib, Milgram’s and Asch’s findings would indicate that

Answer

a. soldiers are more sadistic than the average college student or American citizen.
b. American soldiers would only commit torture if following a direct order with fear of punishment for not carrying it out.
c. there was a serious breakdown in respect for authority that caused soldiers to violate the international standards for treatment of prisoners.
d. the cause of the American soldiers’ inhumane treatment of prisoners is partly the structure of the situation and group pressure.

1 points    

Question 10

1.

According to Weber bureaucracies have positive functions that contribute to their overall unity. Weber termed these _____.

Answer

a. manifest functions
b. eufunctions
c. positive functions
d. non-dysfunctions

1. According to sociologists studying crime,

Answer

a. both organized crime and corporate crime have an institutionalized character.
b. organized crime is a term that is applied only to the Mafia in the U.S.
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