Nudge’ Pdf Book And Short Answer

Nudge’ Pdf Book And Short Answer

Introduction

1. Define Libertarian Paternalism.

2. What is the difference between a nudge a noodge?

3. What is homo economicus or simply Econs?

4. What is the planning fallacy?

5. Describe status quo bias.

6. Why is Maximizing Choices problematic, in other words why is giving people more choices not necessarily a good thing?

7. Comment on the phrase: ordinary consumers are novices and how does this impact health promotion?

8. Explain what a choice architect is and provide an example of what they do?

9. Explain how Libertarian Paternalism is a promising foundation for bipartisanship.

Part I

Chapter 1

10. Describe availability heuristic:

11. What was Gilovich’s example of misperceptions of randomness and how does this relate to cancer clusters?

12. Explain what unrealistic optimism is as it relates to marriage.

13. What does loss averse mean?

14. How might status quo bias get someone into trouble?

15. Describe framing:

Chapter 2

16. Provide an example of dynamically inconsistent behavior as it relates to food consumption.

17. How do “hot” and “cold” states impact behavior and decision making?

18. Provide an example of what it means to be under the influence of arousal?

19. Explain the two system conception of self-control.

20. Describe Wansink’s research concerning mindless choosing.

21. Do you need to purchase “clocky”?

22. Who first suggested Day Light Savings time and why?

23. Provide an example of and describe the benefit(s) of non-interest savings account?

24. What does the expression money is “fungible” mean?

25. What does the expression “house money” mean and does it impact human behavior?

26. What is an arbitrage opportunity?

Chapter 3

27. What happened at Jonestown and why?

28. What were ties originally used for?

29. How does the following quote relate to health behavior: “If you care about what other people think about you (perhaps in the mistaken belief that they are paying attention to what you are doing…), then you might go along with the crowd to avoid their wrath or curry heir favor”

30. True or False? Teenage pregnancy, grades, and obesity are all contagious.

31. What is collective conservatism and provide an example.

32. What is pluralistic ignorance?

33. According to Asch, how had Nazism been made possible?

34. Explain the “Don’t Mess with Texas” effect.

35. What is the “spot light” effect?

36. To what extent do you agree with the following quote, can you provide an example? “An especially good way to gain weight is to have dinner with other people. On average, those who eat with one other person eat about 35 percent more than they do when they eat alone; members of a group of four eat about 75 percent more; those in groups of seven or more eat 96 percent more.”

37. Explain the “social norms” approach to alcohol use.

38. What is the “boomerang” effect?

39. What is the “mere measurement effect and how does it impact collecting data?

40. Asking people whether they intend to vote is an example of what health theory and construct?

41. What are “channel factors?”

Chapter 4

42. What is the golden rule of libertarian paternalism?

43. Do free markets exacerbate or mitigate the effects of human frailty? Explain your answer.

44. What is “asymmetric paternalism”?

45. What are “investment goods” and “sinful” goods and how do they impact health?

46. What is the key to enhance learning?

47. From a health perspective what does the following quote mean “…we usually get feedback only on the options we select, not the ones we reject.”

48. Why is buying an extended warranty typically a questionable financial decision.

Chapter 5

49. What are dead man switches and how may they prevent unintentional injury?

50. Provide an example of a “required choice.”

51. Provide an example of an error forgiving intervention.

52. What is “postcompletion” error?

53. What is a “forcing function?”

54. How did choice architects make taking the birth control pill automatic?

55. What is a compensatory strategy?

56. How does “elimination by aspects” help people to make decisions?

57. What is “collaborative filtering?”

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