Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity, and Gender Expression

Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity, and Gender Expression

The adolescent stage is an entirely sensitive stage especially while dealing with individuals at this level in development (Zastrow, 2016). In most cases, adolescents, who are aged between 13 and 19, tend to be very socially sensitive to their surrounding environment and more so, what influences their daily experiences and activities in life. Potential reactions to an adolescent questioning of their sexual identity and gender role are bound to have a significant impact on their social environment, behavior and more so, self-esteem.

Everyone wants to have a sense of belonging. At the same time, nobody wanted to feel neglected but appreciated in their surroundings. Adolescents need to be constantly assured of their importance in the overall society. There is also need to keep in mind the fact that adding value to one’s esteem is the best way to increase self-confidence, especially in the society. Therefore, the question of sexual identity especially by adolescents and their gender roles makes them recognize their place in the community.

As social workers, what role can we play in assuring the best outcomes for these adolescents?

Social workers need to increase their efficiency and efforts especially while dealing with such a sensitive and minority group.To ensure the best outcome for the adolescents, there is a need to remain consistent especially in counseling sessions, avoiding making judgments and more so, appreciating the existence of adolescents as an important community function which widely embraces (Russel, 2001).  Social workers also need to be role models to these adolescents in ensuring the best outcomes. Adolescents will tend to imitate the counselors, and healthy habits will end up being picked from such positive relationships.


Zastrow, C. H., & Kirst-Ashman, K. K. (2016). Understanding human behavior and the social  environment (10th ed.)Boston, MA:  Cengage Learning.

Russell, S. T., & Joyner, K. (2001). Adolescent sexual orientation and suicide risk: Evidence         from a natural study. American Journal of Public Health, 91(8), 1276–1281.   Retrieved from the Walden Library databases


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Response to the professor

RE: Discussion – Week 10 Attachment