Sociological Test

Sociological Test

QUESTION 1 23. The terms “society” and “culture” are:

A. mutually exclusive.

B. mutually dependent.

C. literal opposites.

D. independent

QUESTION 2 14. Which of the following statements about crime is true?

A. There are more arrests for violent crimes than for property crimes

B. There are more arrests for victimless crimes than for violent crimes

C. Property crime is more prevalent than violent crime.

D. There are more arrests for victimless crimes than for violent crimes

QUESTION 3 19. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of a formal organization?

A. Norms governing social relationships specify the members’ rights.

B. Social statues and roles are organized around shared expectations and goals.

C. A formal hierarchy includes leaders or people who are “in charge.”

D. Social structure is informal and contingent upon the members’ experiences.

QUESTION 4 9. Sociologists use which of the following dimensions as indicators of social stratification?

A. Gender

B. Education

C. Age

D. Wealth

QUESTION 5 7. Opposition to same-sex marriage is highest among which of the following groups?

A. Persons age 55 and older

B. Persons who live in the North West

C. Persons who live on the East coast

D. Persons age 40-54

QUESTION 6 15. Men are _________ likely to be victim of a homicide, robbery, or aggravated assault than women.

A. more

B. equally

C. less

D. slightly less

QUESTION 7 13. Riley, a medical assistant, earns $49,000 annually. She decided to move from the emergency department to the pediatrics department for about the same salary. Riley has experienced:

A. intragenerational mobility.

B. vertical mobility.

C. intergenerational mobility.

D. horizontal mobility.

QUESTION 8 Race:physical characteristics::ethnicity:

A. cultural characteristics

B. actual characteristics

C. emotional characteristics

D. environmental characteristics

QUESTION 9 20. At the Barkley Company, there are forty employees. Addison is the President and CEO. Below her, Jack and Ross are managers. The thirty-seven others work below the managers in the storeroom or on the show floor. Which of Weber’s ideal characteristics does this scenario exemplify?

A. Explicit written rules and regulations

B. Impersonality

C. Division of labor and specialization

D. Hierarchy of authority

QUESTION 10 16. Bryan’s mother taught him to be kind and honest. When faced with the opportunity for dishonesty, Bryan remembered his mother’s words and was honest. What does Bryan’s behavior illustrate?

A. Formal social controls

B. Internal social controls