sociology quiz

sociology quiz

1)

True or False. Sociologists are in agreement that virtual communities—that is online communities of various types—fit the sociological definition of a community.

(1pts)

True False

2)

True or False. The Milgram study provides evidence that obedience to even seemingly unreasonable authority may be more common than most of us would like to believe.

(1pts)

True False

3)

A(n) __________ is a collection of people who happen to be in the same place at the same time but share little else in common.​

(1pts)

social group

aggregate

kinship group

primary group

4)

Sociologist Charles H. Cooley used the term __________ to describe a small, less specialized group in which members engage in face-to-face, emotion-based interactions over an extended period of time.​

(1pts)

aggregate

secondary group

primary group

work group

5)

The term for people with whom we have primary relationships and those in our primary groups is __________.

(1pts)

personalized others

primary others

generalized others

significant others

6)

A(n) __________ is a group to which a person belongs and with which the person feels a sense of identity.​

(1pts)

secondary group

outgroup

ingroup

aggregate

7)

A(n) __________ is a group that strongly influences a person’s behavior and social attitudes, regardless of whether that individual is an actual member.

(1pts)

reference group

personal group

primary group

ingroup

8)

__________ suggest that groups involve unequal power relationships so that not all members of a group are not equally likely to have their needs met.

(1pts)

functionalist theorists

conflict theorists

symbolic theorists

evolutionary theorists

9)

Two best friends, married couples, and domestic partnerships are each an example of a __________.

(1pts)

coalition

triad

affiliation

dyad

10)

Gina is a member of a group working on a research project for a class assignment. Whenever the group meets, other members are easily sidetracked and Gina is always trying to keep the group focused on the assignment. Gina would be considered the __________ leader of the group.​

(1pts)

laissez faire

instrumental

figurehead

expressive

11)

Sociologists refer to the process of maintaining or changing behavior to comply with the norms established by a society, subculture, or other group as __________.

(1pts)

acclimation

alienation

conformity

social control

12)

Political parties, ecological activist groups, religious organizations, parent–teacher associations, and college sororities and fraternities are examples of this one of Etzioni’s types of organizations: __________________.

(1pts)

normative

ultilitarian

coercive

totalitarian

13)

True or False. From the functionalist perspective, a certain amount of deviance is necessary for the smooth functioning of society.

(1pts)

True False

14)

True or False. Higher-income households are more likely than lower-income households to be the victims of property crimes and burglary.

(1pts)

True False

15)

__________ is the term for any behavior, belief, or condition that violates significant social norms in the society or group in which it occurs.​

(1pts)

deviance

violence

stigma

crime

16)

​The sociological term for a spoiled or devalued social identity is __________.

(1pts)

crime

label

stigma

peer pressure

17)

​__________ refers to the use of negative sanctions that proscribe certain behaviors and set forth the punishments for rule breakers and nonconformists.

(1pts)

socialization

external social control

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